Manipur, Jammu & Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh leads Gram Panchayat Satellite based Broadband Connectivity Project through High Throughput Satellites (HTS) from ISRO under BharatNet Phase – II Project implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL).
In terms of Service Ready Gram Panchayats (GPs), Manipur leads with 894, followed by Jammu & Kashmir with 496 and Arunachal Pradesh with 315. Mizoram is fourth with 196 and Leh is fifth with 167 Gram Panchayats Service Ready through Satellite Based Broadband Connectivity.
The satellite network operates on Ka and Ku-Band High Throughput Satellites of ISRO. The VSATs at gram panchayats are working on Ku-band frequencies. The bandwidth to be provided at each gram panchayat location is more than 20 Mbps on the download and 10 Mbps on the upload. The system has the capability to provide higher bandwidth based on increased availability of satellite bandwidth.
Villagers in Service Ready Gram Panchayats are utilizing these bandwidth for a suite of applications like Internet, e-Governance, tele-medicine and distance education services. E-sanjeevani application is also running on VSAT connectivity provided to gram panchayats.
For remote and inaccessible gram panchayats, BBNL has opted for satellite based broadband connectivity vis-a-vis optical fiber cable (OFC) so that all villages can be connected either through satellite or OFC. Till date, BBNL has made 2,512 Gram Panchayats Service Ready out of 6,275 Gram Panchayats.